September 22nd is Falls Prevention Awareness Day. Here are some tips to help prevent falls from Health SOS – the in-house rehabilitation team for The Kensington residents…

Impaired balance can be accompanied by other symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo, vision problems, nausea and fatigue. Maintaining balance depends on information received from the brain from three peripheral sources:

  • Input from the eyes
  • Input from the muscles and joints
  • Input from the vestibular system

Motor Output:

As sensory integration takes place, the brain stem transmits impulses to the muscles that control movements of the eyes, head and neck, trunk and legs, thus allowing a person to both maintain balance and have clear vision while moving.

Motor Output to the Muscles and Joints and Eyes:

Balance comes through practice and repetition as impulses sent from the sensory receptors go to the brain stem, then out to the eyes, muscles and joints forming a new pathway.

The Coordinated Balance System:

The human balance system involves a complex set of sensorimotor-control systems. Its interlacing feedback mechanisms can be disrupted by damage to one or more components through injury, disease, or the aging process.

Home Safety Checklist:

Floors:

  • Keep walking paths clear
  • Remove throw rugs or add non-slip backing

Kitchen:

  • Move items to a reachable height
  • Do not use a chair as a step stool

Bathroom:

  • Use non slip mat in tub
  • Install grip bars in tub or around toilet
  • Install raised toilet seat

Bedrooms:

  • Place lamp close to the bed for ease of use
  • Use night light for lighting pathway to the bathroom

Other Important Factors:

  1. Exercise regularly
  2. Have your vision/glasses checked once per year by an eye doctor
  3. Get up slowly after you sit or lie down
  4. Wear proper/comfortable shoes both inside and outside of house. Avoid slippers
  5. Add lighting to dark areas

 

Written by:

Health SOS Logo

Maria Foschi, Health SOS

100 Maple Avenue, White Plains NY 10601

914-390-0080 x2416

 

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